How to check your cat’s eyes at home

  • Mochi
  • September 17, 2023

Checking your cat's eyes regularly is crucial as they can provide insights into their overall health and detect potential issues. Here's a detailed guide on how to check your cat's eyes at home:


  • Good Lighting: Ensure you're in a well-lit area to get a clear view of the eyes.
  • Calm Environment: Choose a quiet place to reduce distractions and stress for your cat.
  • Handling: Gently hold your cat's head steady with one hand, while using the other to open the eyelid if necessary.

Check the Eyeball

  • Clarity: The cornea (clear front part of the eye) should be transparent, without cloudiness or discoloration.
  • Color: The iris (colored part) should be consistent in color without any spots or changes.
  • Pupil Size: Both pupils should be of equal size. A difference in pupil size can indicate a problem.

Check the Whites of the Eyes

  • Color: They should be white or slightly bluish-white. Yellowing can be a sign of jaundice, while redness can indicate inflammation or injury.
  • Blood Vessels: Some small vessels might be visible, but they shouldn't be prominent or appear engorged.

Check for Discharge

  • Normal: A small amount of clear discharge can be normal, especially after sleep.
  • Abnormal: Yellow, green, or thick discharge can be a sign of an eye infection or other issues.

Check the Eyelids and Lashes

  • Position: Eyelids should close smoothly over the eye without turning inwards. Inward-turning lashes can irritate the eye.
  • Swelling or Lumps: Check for any abnormalities, growths, or swelling on the eyelids.

Check the Third Eyelid

  • Visibility: In a healthy state, the third eyelid (a protective membrane) is usually not visible. If it's prominently visible, it can indicate an issue.
  • Color: It should be pale pink. Redness can indicate inflammation.

Check for Signs of Discomfort

  • Behavioral Signs: Squinting, excessive tearing, frequent blinking, or pawing at the eye can indicate discomfort or pain.
  • Sensitivity to Light: If your cat seems to avoid bright areas or squints in bright light, it might be experiencing discomfort.


  • Regular Checks: Make it a routine to check your cat's eyes at least once a week.
  • Avoid Direct Contact: Never touch the eyeball directly. If you need to clean around the eye, use a soft damp cloth and gently wipe from the inner corner outwards.
  • Consultation: If you notice any abnormalities, changes, or signs of discomfort, consult with a veterinarian immediately. Eye issues can progress rapidly, so timely intervention is crucial.

Remember, while home checks are valuable for early detection of potential issues, they don't replace professional examinations. Regular veterinary check-ups will ensure a comprehensive assessment of your cat's eye health.